IAM has run the Waste Separation and Recycling Programme since late 1999 for waste reduction and efficient use of natural resources. Initially, the programme focused on promotion and education in schools and gradually extended to local organisations, commercial institutions and government departments, while setting up public collection points at all districts around Macao. As recycling rates and volumes continued to rise, IAM launched its community programme, the Domestic Waste Separation and Recycling Programme, in 2005, providing households with more convenient access to waste recycling, with the goal of further enhancing recycling rates and building a green home with combined efforts.
What is Domestic Waste Separation and Recycling Programme?
The Domestic Waste Separation and Recycling Programme is based on the concept of “proactive recycling.” Small recycling baskets are placed inside the refuse room on each floor of a building, with three-colour separation recycling bins strategically placed in the appropriate areas of the building such as the lobby and the podium garden, to provide the households with a more convenient way to recycle. This arrangement further raised the recycling volume of recyclable waste, while easing the workload on incineration plants.
The Schematic Flow of the Domestic Waste Separation and Recycling Programme
Recyclables such as wastepaper, plastic bottles, plastic bags, aluminium cans and other metallic containers should be separated from ordinary refuse and treated as follows:
-Wastepaper should be kept as clean and dry as possible.
-Plastic windows on envelopes should be removed.
-Plastic covers and staples should be removed from books.
Plastic Bottles, Aluminium Cans and Other Metallic Containers
-Straws and other waste should be removed.
-Wash and dry to prevent mosquito pests.
-Flatten cans to save storage space.
Place the sorted wastepaper, plastic bottles, plastic bags, aluminium cans and other metallic containers into clean refuse bags, tie them up and then place them into recycling baskets inside the refuse collection room on each floor of a building or the three-colour separation recycling bins.
Cleaning staff in each building collect the recyclables from the recycling baskets and the three-colour separation recycling bins on a regular basis, storing them temporarily for recycling operators to collect once a certain amount has been accumulated.
To facilitate refuse disposal, it was suggested that the small recycling baskets in the refuse collection room on each floor or the three-colour separation recycling bins should be strategically placed with consideration to the waste disposal habits of the tenants of a building, in appropriate areas such as the lobby and podium garden.
Cleaning staff should also carry out trash collection regularly as part of their daily cleaning tasks to avoid excess accumulation of recyclable waste. The collected recyclable waste can be stored temporarily for recycling operators to collect once a certain amount has been accumulated.
As full implementation of the Domestic Waste Separation and Recycling Programme may moderately increase the workload for the building cleaning staff, it was suggested that these employees are allowed to sell the collected recyclables to the recycling operators for extra earnings during the programme. This served to acknowledge the importance of these cleaning employees to the programme and to encourage their active participation.
The cleaning employees were required to submit records on the amount of collected recyclables to IAM on a monthly basis for statistical analysis and evaluation of the effectiveness of the Domestic Waste Separation and Recycling Programme.
Publicity and Promotion
To meet real demand, IAM organised thematic seminars, while distributing printed publicity materials to raise household awareness of and participation in environmental protection work.
What resources are required to be allocated to this programme?
1. Small recycling baskets or three-colour separation recycling bins on each floor of a building (supplied by IAM);
2. Promotional leaflets (supplied by IAM);
3. Plastic bags;
4. Cleaning supplies.
Points to Note
For the unhindered operation of the programme, property owners must give consent, while the property management companies must agree to cooperate, before recycling facilities can be installed, and cleaning, maintenance and recycling treatment work can begin.
Application Form for Participation in Recyclable Waste Collection Program
Your participation is greatly appreciated